三分飞艇

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高等教育自学考试制度改革创新研究:回顾与反思

时间:2017-06-21 15:33 作者: 点击:次

三分飞艇ZUOZHEJIANJIE:SHAOXIAOFENG,NV,SICHUANSHIFANDAXUECHENGRENJIAOYUYANJIUSUOJIAOSHOU(CHENGDOU610068)

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三分飞艇GUAN JIAN CI:GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHI KAOSHIYANJIU KAOSHIGAIGE

三分飞艇BIAOTIZHUSHI:BENWENXIZHONGGUOGAOJIAOXUEHUI“SHIERWU”ZHONGDIANKETI“GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUCHUANGXINYANJIU”(BIANHAO:2014ZBC015)DEJIEDUANXINGCHENGGUO。

【ZHONGTUFENLEIHAO】G405【WENXIANBIAOSHIMA】A【WENZHANGBIANHAO】1005-8427(2016)04-0034-8

三分飞艇GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUJIANLIYILAI,RENMENYIZHIZHUZHONGDUIZHEIYIZHIDUDEGAIGEYUCHUANGXINYANJIU。JIN30DUONIANLAI,ZAIZHONGGUOQIKANQUANWENSHUJUKUZHONG,YI“ZIXUEKAOSHI”JI“ZIKAO”WEITIMUDEQIKANJIBAOZHIWENZHANGYOU9000YUPIAN,SHUOSHIXUEWEILUNWEN130YUPIAN,BOSHIXUEWEILUNWEN2PIAN,YI“ZIXUEKAOSHI”HUO“ZIKAO”WEITIMUDEXUESHUZHUZUOBAIYUBEN,QIJIANYOUBUSHAONEIRONGDUIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEGAIGEYUCHUANGXINWENTIJINXINGLEYANJIU,TEBIESHI2000NIANYILAI,SUIZHEJIANSHEXUEXIHUASHEHUIDETUIJIN,ZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZAISHIJIANZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTIYEZHUJIANTUCHU,XUESHUJIEDUIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUCUNZAIDEWENTI,TEBIESHIRUHEZHENDUIZHEIXIEWENTIJINXINGGAIGECHUANGXINDEYANJIUDALIANGZENGJIA。BENWENDUIZHEIXIEYANJIUJINXINGDAZHIDESHULI、ZONGJIEHEFANSI。

三分飞艇1DUIGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZHONGCUNZAIWENTIDEYANJIU

三分飞艇ZONGJIEXUESHUJIEDEYANJIU,RENMENRENWEI,ZIXUEKAOSHICUNZAIDEWENTIZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN:

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DIER,ZHENGCEFAGUISHANGCUNZAIWENTI。RENMENPUBIANRENWEI,ZIXUEKAOSHIZHENGCEFAGUIZHONGCUNZAIZHEZHENGCEFAGUIBUJINPEITAO、《GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZANXINGTIAOLI》ZHONGYOUXIENEIRONGYIJINGGUOSHI、ZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOYUBIAOZHUNYUZIKAOSHENGXUEXIJIEGUOBUTONGYI、ZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUQUESHAOJUTIDEGUOJIAFALVZHICHENGDENGWENTI。[5]YOURENDUIZIXUEKAOSHIZHENGCELICHENG、GONGJI、QUEXIANDENGJINXINGLEBIJIAOXITONGDETANTAO,RENWEIQIQUEFAYUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIGOUTONGYUXIANJIEDEZHENGCE、ZUZHIGUANLITIZHIBUGOUWANSHAN、YUNXINGJIZHIYOUDAICHUANGXIN、ZHUKAOXUEXIAODEQUANLIFAHUISHOUXIANZHI。[6]

三分飞艇DISAN,GUANLISHANGCUNZAIWENTI。RENMENRENWEI,ZIXUEKAOSHIZAIHONGGUANDIAOKONG、JIAOXUE、KECHENG、JIAOCAI、ZHUXUEZIYUAN、KAOSHI、ZIKAOSHENGJIUYEDENGFANGMIANDEGUANLI,YIJIGESHENGZIXUEKAOSHIJIGOUSHEZHIDENGFANGMIAN,DOUCUNZAIZHEJIAODUODEWENTI,YUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIZHIJIANYEQUEFAYOUXIAOGOUTONGXIEZUOGUANLIDEJIGOUYUJIZHI。RUYOURENZHICHU,ZIXUEKAOSHIFEIXUELIZHENGSHUKAOSHIGUANLIZHONGCUNZAIZHEQUEFAYUQITAXINGYEZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUGOUTONGDEXINJIZHI,WEIJIANLIFEIXUELIZHENGSHUYUXUELIZHENGSHUXIANGHUXIANJIEYUGOUTONGDELIJIAOQIAO,QUEFALINGHUODESHICHANGDIAOJIEJIZHI。[7]

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DIWU,KECHENGZHONGCUNZAIWENTI。RENWEIZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGMUBIAOYIXUELIJIAOYUWEIDAOXIANG,[15]JIBENANZHUANYESHEZHI,DUIYUPEIYANGXUESHENGGEXINGDEKECHENGJIAOSHAOKAOLV;[16]KECHENGJIEGOUQUEFAZHENGTIXINGGANGWEIJISHUZHISHI,KECHENGSHEZHIMOSHIDANYI;[17]KECHENGNEIRONGHUSHIDUIYINGKAOZHEDENENGLIPEIYANG,KAIKAOZHUANYEJIEGOUBUWANSHAN;[18]KECHENGZAITIRENGYIZHIZHIKEBENWEIZHU,KECHENGXUEXIDEZHICHIXITONGRENGYIZHUXUEWEIZHU;[19]KECHENGPINGJIASHANGHUSHIXUEXIGUOCHENGPINGJIA,HUSHIDUIZHUXUEJIGOUBANXUEHEJIAOSHIJIAOXUEXIAOGUODEPINGJIA,DUIYINGKAOZHEDEPINGJIAYISHUMIANBIJUANKAOSHIWEIZHU,PINGJIAZHUTIZHIYOUGUOJIAQUANWEIJIGOU。[20]

三分飞艇DILIU,JIAOCAIZHONGCUNZAIWENTI。RENWEIZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAICUNZAIZHAOBANQUANRIZHIGAOXIAOJIAOCAIDEBIANXIEFANGSHI,MEIYOUCHONGFENKAOLVZIKAOSHENGDEXUEXITEDIAN;[21]ZHONGLILUNQINGSHIJIAN,QUEFAZHIYEXINGHESHIYONGXINGDENGWENTI。[22]

DIQI,MINGTIZHONGCUNZAIWENTI。ZHUYAOYOU:ZHIDINGJIGEXIANSUOYILAIDECANZHAOBIAOZHUNJUYOUSUIYIXING,JIGEXIANDEQUEDINGZHUGUANYINSUGUODUO,MEICIKAOSHIDEJIGEBIAOZHUNNANYIZUODAOPINGXINGYIZHI;[23]KAOSHISHITIWEIZHUIQIUKAOSHINEIRONGFUGAIMIANERXISHENGKAOSHIDENEIRONGXIAODU,KAOCHAMUBIAOGUODUODIQINGXIEZAISHIJISHUIPINGSHANG。[24]

三分飞艇DIBA,ZHILIANGZHONGCUNZAIWENTI。YOURENRENWEI,ZIKAOBIYESHENGSUZHIQIANJIA,PIANZHONGSIJIYINGBEI,NANYIXUEYIZHIYONG,ZHISHIBUXITONG,QUEFACHUANGXINSIWEI,[25]SHENZHIRENWEISHEHUIDUIZIXUEKAOSHIDEZONGTIPINGJIABUGAO,QIGONGXINLIYOUBINLINBENGKUIZHIWEI。[26]

三分飞艇2DUIGAIGEHECHUANGXINGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEYANJIU

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三分飞艇DIYI,DUIDUANZHENGZIXUEKAOSHIFAZHANFANGXIANGDEYANJIU。RENMENRENWEI,YINGYIZHONGSHENJIAOYUHEZHONGSHENXUEXIZUOWEIHEXINBEIJINGLAIQUEDINGZIXUEKAOSHIDEZHIDAOSIXIANG;[27]YINGCONGDANYIDEXUELIJIAOYUKAOSHIZHUANBIANWEIZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUJIAOYUKAOSHI、CONGDANYIDEJIEDUANXINGJIAOYUKAOSHIZHUANBIANWEIJIXUJIAOYUHEZHONGSHENJIAOYUDEZHUYAOZUCHENGBUFEN;[28]YINGSHIXIANYOUXUELIXINGKAOSHIZHIDUXIANGSHENGMINGJIAOYUMOSHIDEZHUANHUA;YINGCONGCHENGSHIZHONGDIANZHUANXIANGNONGCUNZHONGDIAN、CONGJINGYINGHUAZHUANXIANGDAZHONGHUAHEGUOJIHUA、CONGYINGSHIJIAOYUZHUANXIANGSUZHIJIAOYU、CONGSHULIANGKUOZHANZHUANXIANGXIAOYITIGAO、CONGCHUANTONGJIAOXUESHOUDUANZHUANXIANGXIANDAIYUANCHENGKAIFANGJIAOYUSHOUDUAN、CONGDANYIXUELIKAOSHIZHUANXIANGXUELIYUFEIXUELIBINGZHONG;[29]YINGBADAXUEHOUJIXUJIAOYU、MIANXIANGRUOSHIQUNTIDEWENHUAHEZHIYEJISHUJIAOYU、YUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIHEZUODAJIANGONGGONGZIYUANPINGTAIZUOWEIFAZHANDEZHONGDIANFANGXIANG;[30]YINGSHIXIANYOUXUELIXINGKAOSHIZHIDUXIANGSHENGMINGJIAOYUMOSHIDEZHUANHUA;[31]YINGCHENGWEIKAIFANG、LINGHUODEQUANMINXUEXI、ZHONGSHENJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOPINGTAI。[32]

三分飞艇DIER,DUIJIAQIANGGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHENGCEHEFAZHIJIANSHEDEYANJIU。RENMENYIZHIRENWEI,YINGDANGZHIDINGGUANYUZHONGSHENJIAOYUDEZHUANMENLIFA,MINGQUEZHONGSHENJIAOYUTIXIXIAZIXUEKAOSHIDEDIWEI;[33]YINGJINYIBUWANSHANZIXUEKAOSHIFAGUIDENEIRONG,BINGTICHULEDUI《GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZANXINGTIAOLI》JINXINGXIUGAIDEBIYAOXING、ZHIDAOSIXIANGHEYUANZE;[34]YAOCONGGUOJIAFALVBAOZHANGDESHIJIAOLAIXIUDINGJIBENFAGUI,CONGGUOJIADINGCENGSHEJIDECENGMIANLAIDIAOKONGHONGGUANZHENGCE,SHIZIXUEKAOSHIYUGUOJIAXUEFENYINXINGZHIDU、ZHIYEZIGEZHUNRUZHIDU、RENCAIXUANBAZHIDUNAIZHILINGDAOGANBUXUANBAZHIDUXIANGRONGTONG。[35]

三分飞艇DISAN,DUIGAIGEGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIGUANLIDEYANJIU。RENWEIYINGQUELIRENBENGUANLI、DONGTAIGUANLI、ROUXINGGUANLI、FUWUGUANLIDELINIAN,[36]JIANCHIZHENGFENHE、XIANGDUIFENGBI、DANXING、FANKUI、MINZHU、DONGLI、XIAOLV、FANGXIANGDENGYUANZE。[37]ZAIGUANLINEIRONGSHANG,YAOBAZIXUEKAOSHITISHENGDAOGUOJIAZHILIDEGAODULAIJIANLIYOULIYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZHANLVEZHUANXINGHEQUANMIANCHUANGXINSHENGJIDEXINXINGTONGGUANTIZHI,CONGGOUJIANZHONGSHENJIAOYUTIXIDEGAODULAISHELIGUOJIAZIXUEKAOSHISHENYIWEIYUANHUI。[38]ZAIGUANLIFANGFASHANG,RENMENTICHULEXINGZHENG、SIXIANGJIAOYU、FALV、JINGJI、XITONGGUANLIDENGGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIGUANLIDEFANGFA。[39]ZAIGUANLIMOSHISHANG,RENMENTICHUYAOBIANDANYIDEZHIXIANXINGGUANLIMOSHIWEIZAIJIZHONGZHIDAOXIAJINXINGFENQUANGUANLIDEMOSHI;[40]YOUXINGZHENGGUANLIWEIZHUZHUANBIANWEISHICHANGPEIZHIWEIZHU,YOUFENSHENGGUANLIWEIZHUZHUANBIANWEIDAQUXIEZUOGUANLIWEIZHU,YOUXINGZHENGGUANLIWEIZHUZHUANBIANWEIFAZHIGUANLIWEIZHU。[41]HAIYOURENTICHUYAOJIANLIYIGUOJIACAIZHENGBOKUANWEIZHU、QITADUOZHONGQUDAOCHOUCUOKAOSHIJINGFEIWEIFUDEZIXUEKAOSHICAIZHENGTOUZITIZHI。[42]

DISI,DUIGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHISHEHUIZHUXUEDEYANJIU。RENWEIYINGGAIQUELIYIZIKAOSHENGWEIZHONGXINDEFUWUYISHIHEJIANCHIYISHEHUIXIAOYIWEIZHU、JINGJIXIAOYIWEIFUDELINIAN,[43]YIGOUJIANYIZHANSHIXUEXIFUWUZHONGXIN,JIANLIQUANRIZHIZHUXUEFUWUPINGTAIHEKAIFANGSHIJIAOYUZHUXUEFUWUPINGTAIWEIJIBENKUANGJIA,WEIKAOSHENGTIGONGZHENGCEZIXUN、KAOJIFUWU、JIAOXUEFUWU、GUOCHENGXINGKAOHE、ZHIYEJINENGYUZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUPEIXUN、JIUYEZHIDAOLIUDAFUWU。[44]DINGXINGFUTICHU,YAOGOUJIANZIXUEKAOSHIGONGGONGZHUXUEZHICHIFUWUXITONG,ZHUZHANGYOUJIAOYUBUKAOSHIZHONGXINZUJIANYIGEFEIZHENGFUZUZHILAIZUZHISHISHIQUANGUOZIXUEKAOSHIDEGONGGONGZHUXUEFUWU,TUICHUSHIHEKAIFANGYUYUANCHENGXUEXIDEWANGLUOZAIXIANZHUXUEPINGTAI。[45]

三分飞艇DIWU,DUIGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGDEYANJIU。RENWEIZAIKECHENGJIAZHIQUXIANGSHANG,YINGCHONGFENTIXIANYIRENWEIBENDESIXIANG,BAPEIYANGYINGKAOZHEDECHUANGXINYISHI、CHUANGXINNENGLIJITIGAOQIZONGHESUZHIZHIYUSHOUWEI,[46]YAOZHUZHONGRENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN,SHULIKAIFANGDEKECHENGLINIAN;[47]ZAIKECHENGJIEGOUSHANGYINGXIANGYIJUSHEHUIXUQIUHEKAOSHENGXUYAODE“SHEHUIBENWEI”HE“GERENBENWEI”XIANGRONGHEDEFANGXIANGZHUANBIAN,JIANGCHUANTONGDEKECHENGJIEGOUANGONGGONGJICHUKE、ZHUANYEHEXINKE、ZHUANYETESEKEJINXINGDIAOZHENG;[48]ZAIKECHENGMOSHISHANG,YOURENTICHUGOUJIANZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGCHAOSHIDEMOSHI。[49]

三分飞艇DILIU,DUIGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAIDEYANJIU。RENMENRENWEI,ZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAIYINGBAZHEYANDIANFANGZAIPEIYANGZIKAOSHENGFENXIWENTIHEJIEJUEWENTIDENENGLISHANG,YAOYOUQIANRUSHEN,HELIANPAIJIAOCAIDEFENLIANG,WENZIJINGLIANYIDONG;[50]JIAOCAINEIRONGYINGLIANXIKAOSHENGDESHENGHUO、GONGZUOSHIJIHEDANGJINKEJIFAZHANDESHIJI;[51]YAOZUODAOCUJINKAOSHENGYOUYIYIXUEXI、NEIRONGJIFADONGJI、YANYIYUGUINABINGZHONG、QIFAXINGFUDAODENGYAOQIU。[52]CIWAI,XUESHUJIEHAIDUIJIAOCAIDECHUBANYINSHUA、KAIFA、FAXING、PINGJIA、JILIJIZHIDENGFANGMIANTICHULEBUSHAODEJIANYI。

DIQI,DUIGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIDEYANJIU。RENMENRENWEIZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIYINGYOULIYUXINGCHENGLIANGHAODEXUEFENGHEPINGJUANJIFENDEKEGUANYUKUAISU;[53]YAOZHENGQUEZHANGWOKAOSHIBIAOZHUN,TIXIANPEIYANGMUBIAO,JIANCHISHITIDEZHENGQUEDAOXIANGZUOYONG。[54]ZAIMINGTIBIAOZHUNFANGMIAN,YOURENRENWEIZIXUEKAOSHISHIJUANYOUXIAOXINGBAOKUO“NEIRONGYOUXIAOXING”HE“TONGJIYOUXIAOXING”LIANGGEFANGMIAN,BINGJINXINGLEJIAOWEIJUTIDECHANSHU;[55]HAIYOURENTICHUJIANLISHITIDEMUBIAOQUNTIDENANDUZHIBIAOHEQUFENDUZHIBIAO。[56]ZAIRUHESHIZIXUEKAOSHISHITIDESHEJIGENGJIAKEXUEHUAFANGMIAN,RENMENTICHULECONGZONGTIGUIHUADAOPINGFENGEHUANJIEYINGCAIQUDECUOSHI,[57]NICHULEZIXUEKAOSHISHITIBIANZHIDEBUZHOU,[58]ZHUANMENLUNSHULEZIXUEKAOSHIKEGUANTIHEZHUGUANTIDESHEJIWENTI。[59]

三分飞艇DIBA,DUITIGAOZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGDEYANJIU。YOURENTICHU,WOGUOZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGGUANYINGWEI:CONGJIAOYUJIAZHIQUXIANGKAN,YIXUESHENGWEIBEN,XUESHENGDEDAOQUANMIAN、HEXIE、GEXINGHEKECHIXUFAZHAN;CONGRENCAIGUANKAN,SHIXIANPEIYANGDERENCAILEIXINGDUOYANGHUA;CONGJIAOXUEGUANKAN,BANGZHUXUESHENGXUEHUIXUEXI;CONGXUESHENGGUANKAN,RANGXUESHENGCHENGWEIZHONGSHENXUEXIZHE。[60]YOURENRENWEI,ZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGBAOZHENGJIZHIKEFENWEIZHILIANGBAOZHANGHEZHILIANGJIANKONGLIANGDAXITONG,BINGFENBIECHANSHULEZHEILIANGGEXITONGDEJUTINEIRONG。[61]JINBINGXIEZAIQISHUOSHIXUEWEILUNWENZHONGBIJIAOXITONGDICHANSHULEJIANLIZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGBAOZHANGTIXIDEBIYAOXING、YUANZE,WAIBUGOUJIANYUNEIBUGOUJIAN,BINGTICHULETIGAOZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGDERUOGANJIANYI。[62]

三分飞艇DIJIU,DUIJIAQIANGZIXUEKAOSHIYUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIGOUTONGXIEZUOJIANLIXUEFENYINXINGDEYANJIU。XUESHUJIEDUIZIXUEKAOSHIYUDIANDAGOUTONGXIEZUODEYUANZE、FANGSHIJINXINGLETANTAO,FENXILEDIANDAYUZIXUEKAOSHIGEZIDEYOUSHIHEXIANGHUXUEXIJIEJIANDEZHUYAOFANGMIAN;[63]TICHUYAOJIAQIANGZIXUEKAOSHIYUZHIYEJIAOYUDE“XUEFENHUREN”,TIGAOXIANJIEDEZHENDUIXINGHEYOUXIAOXING,JIAQIANGHEZUOYUANXIAODEJIAOLIUYUHEZUO,[64]YUXINGYEHEZUO,SHIXIANZIXUEKAOSHIXUELIJIAOYUYUZHIYEZIGEZHENGSHUBINGJU;[65]YAOYUPUTONGGAOXIAOGOUTONGXIEZUO,FAZHANYUANCHENGJIAOYUHEWANGLUOJIAOYU,KAIZHANKECHENG、XUEFENHURENGONGZUO;[66]TICHULEZIXUEKAOSHIYUSHEQUJIAOYUZIYUANZHENGHEDETUJINGYUMOSHI。[67]JINJINIAN,YIXIERENTICHUYAOYITUOZIXUEKAOSHIJIANLIXUEFENYINXING,RUWANGHAIDONGRENWEI,YITUOZIXUEKAOSHIJIANLIXUEFENYINXINGKECONGZHANLVEGUIHUA、ZHIDUZHENGCEHEJISHUCAOZUOSANGECENGMIANKAIZHANGONGZUO,BINGCHANSHULEQIZHONGDEZHONGDIAN、NANDIAN。[68]

三分飞艇DISHI,DUIGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIFAZHANMOSHIDEYANJIU。XUESHUJIEDUIYUZIXUEKAOSHIFAZHANMOSHITICHULEBUSHAOGUANDIAN,ZHUYAOYOU:RENWEIZIXUEKAOSHIYINGYOUKAOWAIBUXUQIULADONGMOSHIZHUANXIANGZIWOFAZHAN、ZIWOWANSHANMOSHI;[69]ANKAOSHENGDUIXIANGBUTONG,BAZIXUEKAOSHIFENWEISHIYINGMOSHI、TIGAOMOSHI、XIUYANGMOSHI、SHENONGMOSHIJIZHONGLEIXING;[70]TICHUJIANGXUELIJIAOYUYUZHIYEJIAOYUYOUJIJIEHE、XIANJIEYUBINGJUDE“SHUANGZHENGBINGJU”MOSHI;[71]BAZIXUEKAOSHIDEFAZHANMOSHIANBANXUEZHUTIJISHOUJIAOYUDUIXIANGBUTONGFENWEIBANXUEMOSHIHERENCAIPEIYANGMOSHI,BINGFENBIEDUILIANGLEIMOSHIJINXINGLEZAIFENLEIHECHANSHU。[72]QIZHONG,HUANGENYUDUIZHEIYIWENTIJINXINGLEBIJIAOXITONGDECHANSHU,TAZONGJIELEZIXUEKAOSHIYUNXINGMOSHIDEZHUYAOTEDIAN、CHUFADIAN、LILUNYIJU、NEIRONGGOUCHENG,TICHUYAOJIANLI“FUWUZIZHUXUEXI”DEYUNXINGMOSHI,BINGJINYIBUTICHULEXINMOSHIDEGOUJIANTUJING。[73]

3DUIGAIGEHECHUANGXINGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUYANJIUDEFANSI

ZONGTILAIKAN,WOGUOXUESHUJIEDUIRUHEGAIGECHUANGXINZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEYANJIUQUDELEBUXIAODECHENGJI,DANTONGSHIYECUNZAIZHEYIXIEWENTI。

3.1YANJIUZHONGQUDEDEZHUYAOCHENGJI

DIYI,DUIYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUGAIGECHUANGXINDEYANJIUSHUIPINGBUDUANTIGAO。SHOUXIAN,YANJIUDESHULIANGBUDUANZENGJIA,TEBIESHIZUIJINSHIDUONIANLAI,CHUXIANLEJIAODUODEZHUZUOYULUNWEN,YOUQISHICHUXIANLEDALIANGDESHUOSHIXUEWEILUNWEN。QICI,YANJIURENYUANCONGZUICHUDEYIZIXUEKAOSHISHIJIGUANLIRENYUANWEIZHUKUOZHANDAOYANJIUJIGOU、GAODENGYUANXIAODEZHUANJIAXUEZHE,TIGAOLEYANJIUDELILUNSHUIPING。ZAICI,YANJIUDEXITONGXINGBUDUANZENGQIANG。CONGZUICHUDEDANDADUDOUZHUJIANZOUXIANGYOUZUZHIDEJINXING,BIAOXIANWEIZUZHILESHUCIDAGUIMODEQUANGUOXINGKETIYANJIU,GESHENGYANJIURENYUANFENGONGXIEZUO,SHIYANJIUJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEXITONGXING。ZUIHOU,ZHUZHONGCONGZIXUEKAOSHISHIJICHUFA,LITUSHILILUNYANJIUYUZIXUEKAOSHISHIJIJIEHE,JINXINGLEYIXIEDIAOCHAYANJIU、QUYUYANJIUHEGEANYANJIU。

三分飞艇DIER,ZONGJIELEZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZAILINIANYUFAZHANFANGXIANG、ZHENGCEFAGUI、GUANLI、SHEHUIZHUXUE、KECHENG、JIAOCAI、MINGTIJIZHILIANGDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIDEZHUYAOWENTI,BINGZHENDUIZHEIXIEWENTIJIJIAQIANGZIXUEKAOSHIYUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIDEGOUTONGXIEZUO、JIANLIXUEFENYINXINGJICHUANGXINZIXUEKAOSHIFAZHANMOSHIDENGFANGMIANTICHULEBUSHAODUICEYUJIANYI。ZHEIXIEYANJIUJIFENGFULEZIXUEKAOSHIDEXIANGGUANLILUN,YOUDUIZIXUEKAOSHIDEFAZHANJUYOUZHONGYAODESHIJIANZHIDAOYIYI,TONGSHI,HAIYUGUOJIADEYOUGUANZHENGCEXIANGFUXIANGCHENG,CUJINLEZIXUEKAOSHIZHENGCEDEBUDUANWANSHAN。

三分飞艇DISAN,CHUBUYUNYONGDUOZHONGLILUNLAIYANJIUZIXUEKAOSHIGAIGECHUANGXINDEYOUGUANWENTI。RUYUNYONGCELIANGXUELILUNFENXIZIXUEKAOSHIDEMINGTIWENTI,YUNYONGGUANLIXUELILUNYANJIUZIXUEKAOSHIGEGEHUANJIEDEGUANLIWENTI,YUNYONGKECHENGLILUNYANJIUZIXUEKAOSHIDEKECHENGWENTI,YUNYONGJIAOYUJISHUXUELILUNYANJIUZIXUEKAOSHIXUEXIZHICHIFUWUTIXIDEJIANSHEWENTI,YUNYONGXUEFENYINXINGXIANGGUANLILUNYANJIUYITUOZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUJIANLIXUEFENYINXINGDEWENTI,DENGDENG。ZHEIXIEDOUTUOZHANLEYANJIUDESHIYE,BINGJIAQIANGLEYANJIUDEXUELIXING。

DISI,YANJIUZHONGTIXIANLEXIANMINGDESHIDAIJINGSHEN。SUIZHEZHONGSHENJIAOYUHEJIANSHEXUEXIHUASHEHUISIXIANGDERIYISHENRURENXIN,RENMENYUELAIYUEZIJUEDIBAZHEIXIELINIANZUOWEIYANJIUDEGENBENZHIDAOSIXIANG,BIAOXIANWEIPUBIANZHUZHANGZIXUEKAOSHIYINGXIANGZHONGSHENJIAOYUFANGXIANGFAZHAN,SHIZHONGSHENJIAOYULIJIAOQIAOZHONGDEYIGEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。TONGSHI,XUESHUJIEYUELAIYUEZHONGSHIDUIZIXUEKAOSHIYUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIDEGOUTONGRONGHE,TEBIESHIRUHEYITUOZIXUEKAOSHIJIGOUJIANLIXUEFENYINXINGDEYANJIU。

DIWU,TICHULEBUSHAOYOUJIAZHIDESIXIANGGUANDIAN。ZHUYAOYOU:(1)TICHUZIXUEKAOSHIXIANGZHONGSHENJIAOYU、SUZHIJIAOYU、SHENGMINGJIAOYU、FEIXUELIJIAOYUFAZHAN,PEIYANGJINENGXING、SHIYONGXINGDEGAOSUZHIRENCAIDENGGUANDIAN,ZHENGQUEDIFANYINGLEZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEFAZHANFANGXIANGYUPEIYANGMUBIAO。(2)TICHUYAOCONGGUOJIAFALVBAOZHANGDESHIJIAOLAIZHIDINGHEXIUDINGYOUGUANJIBENFAGUI,YOULIYUJIAQIANGZIXUEKAOSHIDEFALVBAOZHANG。(3)CONGXIANGGUANDEGUANLIXUEYUANLICHUFA,DUIZIXUEKAOSHIGEGUANLIHUANJIETICHUBUSHAOYOUYIDEJIANYI,RUTICHUBAZIXUEKAOSHITISHENGDAOGUOJIAZHILIDEGAODULAIJIANLIYOULIYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZHANLVEZHUANXINGDEXINXINGTONGGUANTIZHI,TICHUYAOJIANLIYIGUOJIACAIZHENGBOKUANWEIZHU、QITADUOZHONGQUDAOCHOUCUOKAOSHIJINGFEIWEIFUDEZIXUEKAOSHICAIZHENGTOUZITIZHIDENGDOUSHIHENYOUYIYIDE。(4)TICHULEGOUJIANZIXUEKAOSHIGONGGONGZHUXUEZHICHIFUWUXITONGDEGUANDIAN,TIXIANLEZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOYUZUOWEIZHUNGONGGONGCHANPINDESHUXING。(5)ZHENGQUEDIZONGJIELEZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIZHONGCUNZAIDEWENTI。(6)CONGJIAOYUJIAZHIQUXIANG、RENCAIGUAN、JIAOXUEGUAN、XUESHENGGUANJIGEFANGMIANCHANSHULEZIXUEKAOSHIDEZHILIANGGUAN,TICHULEBIJIAOXITONGDEZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGBAOZHANGTIXI。(7)TICHULEYIXIEZIXUEKAOSHIYUDIANSHIDAXUE、ZHIYEJIAOYU、PUTONGGAODENGJIAOYU、SHEQUJIAOYUGOUTONGXIEZUODEJIANYI,YOUQISHITICHULEYIZIXUEKAOSHIWEIYITUO,JIANLIXUEFENYINXINGDESHEXIANG,FANYINGLEDANGQIANJIANLIZHONGSHENJIAOYULIJIAOQIAODEYAOQIU,YESHIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUSHIXIANKECHIXUFAZHANDEBIYAOLUJING。

三分飞艇3.2YANJIUZHONGCUNZAIDEZHUYAOWENTI

三分飞艇DIYI,ZONGTIERYAN,ZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUGAIGECHUANGXINYANJIUXUELIXINGHAIBIJIAOQIANQUE,YANJIUSHUIPINGYUPUTONGJIAOYUXIANGQUSHENYUAN。BIAOXIANWEIZAIYANJIUZIXUEKAOSHIDEPEIYANGMUBIAO、KECHENG、JIAOXUE、ZHILIANG、ZIKAOZHUXUE、TOUZIDENGWENTISHI,BUSHAOYANJIUDOUZHISHITINGLIUZAIBIJIAOFUQIANDECENGMIAN,RUZAIYANJIUZIKAOZHUXUEYUTOUZIDENGWENTISHI,SUIRANYEYOURENJIANGDAOLEZHENGFUZAIQIZHONGDEZEREN,DANDADUOMEIYOUCONGGONGGONGGUANLILILUNDENGGAODUQUFENXIZIXUEKAOSHIDEXINGZHIYUZHENGFUZAIQIZHONGYINGCHENGDANDEZERENDENG。TONGSHI,ZAIYANJIUZHONGHAICUNZAIZHECHUANGXINXINGBUZUDEQUEXIAN,ZHONGFUXINGYANJIUJIAODUO。

三分飞艇DIER,ZAIYANJIUDEFANSHISHANG,QUEFAYONGJIAOYUYANJIUFANSHIDEXIANGGUANLILUNLAIZHIDAOYANJIUDEZIJUE,DAOZHIZAIYANJIUFANSHIZHONGCUNZAIZHEZHONGZHONGWENTI,RU:YANJIUFANGFAJIAOWEIDANYIHUA,JIYIZHEXUESIBIANYANJIUFANSHIWEIZHU,LIANGDEYANJIUBUDUO,ZHIDEYANJIUGENGSHINANJIAN;YANJIUZHONGQUEFAZHEXUEDEFANSIYUPIPAN,LILUNSHUIPINGJIAODI;DUIZIXUEKAOSHIXITONGDEFUZAXINGZHONGSHIBUGOU,XITONGXINGHEZHENGTIXINGGUANNIANBUQIANG,XIANXINGSIWEIZHANJUZHUDAODIWEI;HUSHIZIXUEKAOSHIDEZIZUZHIXINGTEZHENGDENG。

DISAN,ZIXUEKAOSHIDEPEIYANGMUBIAOSHIGUIDINGZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUPEIYANGRENCAIDEGUIGEYUJIBENSUZHIWENTI,YESHIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZHONGDEHEXINWENTI,DANXUESHUJIEDUIZHEIYIWENTIYANJIUBUDUO,ERQIEDADUOSHIFANFANERTAN,MEIYOUXITONGDILUNZHENGZIXUEKAOSHIPEIYANGMUBIAOQUELIDELILUNYIJUYUSHIJIANYIJU,GENGMEIYOUJIANLIBIJIAOYANMI、KEXUE、XITONGDEPEIYANGMUBIAOTIXI,TONGSHI,ZIXUEKAOSHIDUIXIANGDEDUOYANGXINGJUEDINGLEQISUOQUELIDEPEIYANGMUBIAOYEYINGSHIDUOYUANDE,ERZHEIXIEMUQIANDOUJIHUHAIMEIYOURENDUIQIJINXINGJUTIDETANJIU。

DISI,DUIRUHELISHUNQUANGUOKAOBANYUDIFANGKAOBANDEZHIQUANGUANXI、ZIKAOBANYUHEZUOBUMENXINGYEDEZHIQUANGUANXI,ZENYANGJIANLIZIKAOTOUZITIZHIDENGYIXILIEGUANLIWENTIDEYANJIUHAISHIFENBORUO;DUIZIXUEKAOSHIXUEFENZHIDEYANJIUJIAOSHAO,WOGUOZIXUEKAOSHIXUEFENZHIZHONGZUIDADEWENTISHITIGONGJIKAOSHENGXUANXIU(XUANKAO)DEKECHENGMENSHUPUBIANPIANSHAO,MEIYOUTIXIANCHUXUEFENZHIDEJINGSUI,SHIXUEFENZHIZAIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZHONGMEIYOUFAHUIYINGYOUDEZUOYONG,DANXUESHUJIEDUICIYANJIUBUDUO。

三分飞艇DIWU,DUIZENYANGJIAQIANGZIXUEKAOSHISHEHUIZHUXUE,JIANLIZIXUEKAOSHIXUEXIZHICHIFUWUTIXIDENGDEYANJIUQUESHAOQUANJUXINGDEGUIHUAHEKECAOZUOXING;TONGSHI,JIAOXUESHIZIXUEKAOSHISHEHUIZHUXUEZHONGZUIZHONGYAODEHUANJIE,DANXUESHUJIEDUIQIZHONGYIXIEZHONGYAOWENTI,RUZENYANGCHULIJIAOYUXUEDEGUANXI、JIAOYUKAODEGUANXI、RUHETIGAOJIAOXUEZHILIANGDENGYANJIUBUDUO。

DILIU,ZAIRUHEGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGYUJIAOCAISHANG,RENMENHAIMEIYOUZHENZHENGYIKECHENGLILUNLAIZHIDAOZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGGAIGEDEXIANGGUANWENTI,DUIYUZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGDELINIAN、KECHENGMUBIAO、KECHENGPINGJIADENGFANGMIANDEYANJIUHAIBIJIAOSHAO,GENGBUSHENRU,DADUOTINGLIUZAIZHITICHULEJIBENGUANDIANDESHUIPINGSHANG,ERQIEZHEIXIEGUANDIANYEBINGBUWANQUANYUXITONG,ERKECHENGLILUNZAIPUTONGJIAOYULINGYUYISHIFENFENGFU,WOMENWANQUANKEYI,YEYINGGAIJIEJIAN。DUIYUGAIGEZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAI,RENMENDADUOBAKAOSHENGDANGCHENGBEIDONGJIESHOUJIAOCAIDEDUIXIANG,ZHEIYUDANGQIANWOGUOKECHENGGAIGEZHONGBAJIAOCAIDANGCHENGXUESHENGRENZHI、LIJIE、JIANGOUDENGDEZHONGJIEHEFANLIDEJIBENGUANNIANBUXIANGFUHE,BULIYUCHONGFENFAHUIKAOSHENGXUEXIDEZHUTIXING。

DIQI,ZAIMINGTISHANG,RENMENDUIZIXUEKAOSHIBENSHENDETEDIANGUANZHUSHANGXIANBUGOU,YIXIEYANJIUYOUZHAOBANXIANGGUANLILUNZHIXIAN;DUIYUBIAOZHUNHUASHITIJIBENCHIKENDINGTAIDU,ERZHEIZHONGBIAOZHUNHUASHITIQIAQIABULIYUDUIKAOSHENGXUEXIGUOCHENG、SIWEIGUOCHENG、CHUANGXINNENGLI,YIJIDAODEPINZHI、RENGEJIANKANGDEKAOCHA;DUIZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIZHONGRUHECHULIHAOZHUGUANYUKEGUAN、KEXUEYURENWEN、ZHISHIYUNENGLI、JIEGUOYUGUOCHENGDENGGUANXIDEWENTIYANJIUBUGOU。

DIBA,ZAITIGAOZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGSHANG,GUODUODIZHUZHONGYUDUIKAOSHIGUOCHENGZHILIANGDEYANJIU,MEIYOUBATIGAOPEIYANGZHILIANGDEYANJIUFANGDAOYINGYOUDEZHONGYAODIWEI;DADUOSHUYANJIUDOUZHISHIBIJIAOFUQIANDITICHUZIXUEKAOSHIDEZHILIANGGUANYINGGAISHISHENME,MEIYOUBIJIAOSHENRUDIFENXILUNZHENGQUELIZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGGUANDELILUNYIJUYUSHIJIANYIJU,YEMEIYOUTICHUXITONG、JUTIDEZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGBIAOZHUNTIXI。

DIJIU,DUIZIXUEKAOSHIYUQITAJIAOYUXINGSHIZENYANGSHIXINGXUEFENHUREN,ZENYANGZHENGHEBICIDEJIAOYUZIYUAN,RUHEYIZIXUEKAOSHIWEIYITUO,JIANLIXUEFENYINXINGDENGYIXILIEZHONGYAOWENTIHAIQUESHAOXITONGDELILUNLUNZHENG,YEQUESHAOJUTIKECAOZUODEFANGFAYUBUZHOU,DANZHEIYOUSHIJIANSHEXUEXIHUASHEHUI,YIJISHIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUSHIXIANKECHIXUFAZHANDEZHIGUANZHONGYAODEWENTI。

三分飞艇ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,JINGUANWOGUODUIGAIGECHUANGXINGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEYANJIUZHONGCUNZAIZHEZHONGZHONGWENTI,DANZHEIXIEYANJIUYIWEIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEJIANKANGFAZHANZUOCHULEBUKEMOMIEDEGONGXIAN。WOMENYINGZAIZHONGSHENJIAOYUSHIYUXIA,CONGDUOWEIJIAODUCHUFA,YIDUOZHONGLILUNZUOWEIZHIDAO,YINGYONGFUZAXINGYANJIUFANSHI,ZHUZHONGDUOZHONGYANJIUFANGFAJIQIZHENGHE,SHENRUTANTAOZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEGEGEFANGMIAN,TICHUYIXIEJIJUYOULILUNGENJU,YOUJUYOUSHIJIANZHIDAOYIYIDEDUICEYUCUOSHI,SHIZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUSHIXIANBUDUANCHUANGXINYUKECHIXUFAZHAN。QIZHONG,DUIYURUHEYITUOZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDU,JIANLIXUEFENYINXING,YINGSHIWOMENJINHOUYANJIUZHONGYIGEJIQIZHONGYAODEKETI。

CANKAOWENXIAN:

三分飞艇[1]JINYIMING,YEZHONGHAI.ZIXUEKAOSHITONGLUN[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUOGUANGBODIANSHICHUBANSHE,1992:299.

[2][5][41]WANGZHIWU.ZIXUEKAOSHIYUNXINGJIZHIYANJIU[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2006(12):38,37,19-20.

[3]WEIJIANWEN.WOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIDEFAZHANLICHENGJIDANGQIANZHUYAOWENTIYANJIU[D].FUZHOU:FUJIANSHIFANDAXUE,2007:22.

三分飞艇[4]TAOXUAN.DAZHONGHUABEIJINGXIAGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIDEDINGWEIYANJIU[D].WUHU:ANHUISHIFANDAXUE,2013:22-23.

[6]LIZHONGLIANG.ZIXUEKAOSHIZHENGCEDEYANBIANHEXIUGAIJIANYI[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2014(8):22-26.

[7]LIGANG.JIYUYUTIAOZHAN——TANTAOXINXINGSHIXIAGAOJIAOZIKAOFAZHANFEIXUELIZHENGSHUKAOSHIDESHICHANGQIANJING[J].JIXUJIAOYUYANJIU,2006(1):71.

[8][37][50]CHENBIN,DENG.ZIXUEKAOSHIGUANLIYANJIU[M].WUHAN:WUHANDAXUECHUBANSHE,1994:327,97-104,195-196.

三分飞艇[9]LIRONGXI,YUXINFENG.ZIXUEKAOSHI——ZHONGGUOGAODENGJIAOYUZHIDUDECHUANGXIN[M].SHENYANG:LIAONINGRENMINCHUBANSHE,2009:98.

[10]ZHOUYUFENG,YANGYUPING.ZHONGSHENJIAOYUTIXIXIAZIXUEKAOSHISHEHUIZHUXUEDEFAZHANQUSHIJIGAIGE[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2014(4):31-32.

三分飞艇[11]ZHOUFUMING,ZHOUXIUTING.ZIXUEKAOSHIZHONGJIAOXUEFUDAODEWUQUJIDUICE[J].ZHONGGUOCHENGRENJIAOYU,1995(7):36.

[12]ZHOUJING,ZHUXIAOCHUN.GUANYUTIGAOZIKAOZHUXUEZHILIANGYOUXIAOTUJINGDESIKAO[J].NANJINGGONGCHENGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEKEBAN),2006(4):42.

三分飞艇[13]WEIYU.SICHUANSHENGGAOXIAOZIXUEKAOSHISHEHUIZHUXUEJIAOSHIDUIWUXIANZHUANGJIDUICEYANJIU[D].CHENGDOU:SICHUANSHIFANDAXUE,2010:33-38.

[14]HUANGWEIJUN.YOUXIAOTIGAOZIKAOZHUXUEZHILIANGDERUOGANSIKAO[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2012(9):45.

[15][51]MAKAIJIAN.LUNGAOJIAOZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGGAIGEDENEIRONG[J].KAIFANGJIAOYUYANJIU,1998(6):23,37.

[16]FANGZHUGEN,WANGNANYAN.TANZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGDESHEZHI[J].ZHONGGUOCHENGRENJIAOYU,2002(7):35.

[17]XUEDONGFENG.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGSHEZHIXINMOSHIDESIKAO[C]//1999NIANKAOSHIYANJIULUNWENZHUANJI.BEIJING:GAODENGJIAOYUCHUBANSHE,1999:166.

三分飞艇[18][20][46]YANGPEIZHEN.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGTIXIYANJIU[D].NANJING:NANJINGLIGONGDAXUE,2006:7-8,38-39,19.

[19][47]LIWENJUAN.GAOJIAOZIKAOKECHENGGAIGEYANJIU——YIFUJIANSHENGWEILI[D].SHAMEN:SHAMENDAXUE,2009:8-11,81.

三分飞艇[21]LINKUIWU,CUIGUOPING.TANDANGQIANXINGSHIXIADEZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAIJIANSHE[J].ZHONGGUOCHENGRENJIAOYU,2005(9):34.

[22]ZHANGHUAN.SHIXITONGBIANZIKAOJIAOCAIDEZHILIANGJIANKONGJIZHI[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2000(1):11.

[23]HEXIAOCHUN,DENG.LUNZAIZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIGONGZUOZHONGRUHEZHENGQUEZHANGWOJIGEXIAN[J].LIAONINGGAODENGJIAOYUYANJIU,1992(4):89-90.

[24]HUANGGUANGYANG.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHILIANGBAOZHENGXITONGYANJIU[M].FUZHOU:HAIFENGCHUBANSHE,1998:65-69.

[25][73]HUANGENYU.ZIXUEKAOSHIMOSHIXINLUN[M].WUHAN:HUBEIZHANGJIANGCHUBANJITUAN、HUBEIRENMINCHUBANSHE,2008:161,57.

[26]ZHOULIN,DENG.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHI:JIYUKECHENG、ZHIDUYUSHEHUIPINGJIADEDIAOCHAFENXI[J].SHEHUIKEXUEZHANXIAN,2010(1):228.

[27]WANGXINMIN,DENG.ZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUDEGAIGEYUWANSHANYANJIU[M].SHENYANG:LIAONINGSHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE,2003:41-43.

[28]LIUHAIFENG.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIBIJIAOYANJIU[M].FUZHOU:FUJIANJIAOYUCHUBANSHE,2001:2.

[29]QIRUOYU.ZIKAOYAOYOUXINDINGWEIXINTUOZHAN[N].ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO,2005-11-9(9).

[30]YANGJIANG.ZIKAOWANGLUOZHUXUEZIYUANSHEJIYUKAIFA[D].WUHAN:HUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUE,2012:ZHAIYAO.

三分飞艇[31]WUZUNMIN,ZHANGYUAN.ZHONGSHENJIAOYUSICHAOXIAWOGUOGAODENGJIAOYUZIKAODEDINGWEIYUFAZHANQIJI[J].JIXUJIAOYUYANJIU,2008(1):52.

[32]JINXIBIN,DAIJIAGAN.ZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUYUZHONGSHENJIAOYUTIXIHEXUEXIXINGSHEHUIGOUJIAN[J].JIAOYUYANJIU,2010(6):52.

[33]LUOAI,SONGJIANGHONG.LUNZHONGSHENJIAOYUYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUGAIGE[J].XINANMINZUDAXUEXUEBAO(RENWENSHEKEBAN),2007(4):218.

[34]SUNBIAN.WEIHEYAOXIUGAI《GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZANXINGTIAOLI》[N].FAZHIRIBAO,2002-6-20(7).

三分飞艇[35][38]KANGNAIMEI.ZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUZHANLVEZHUANXINGDETANSUOYANJIU[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2014(4):19-20,18-19.

[36]WUYUANFANG.LUNGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIYUXUEXIXINGSHEHUIJIANSHE[D].WUHAN:HUBEIDAXUE,2007:28.

三分飞艇[39]YUZHONGZHENG,DENG.ZIXUEKAOSHIGUANLIXUE[M].LANZHOU:GANSURENMINCHUBANSHE,1994:9-14.

三分飞艇[40]ZHANGSHIJUN.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOYUXINGSHIDEYANJIU[M].LANZHOU:GANSURENMINCHUBANSHE,2001:109-111.

[42]HUANGENYU,WANGZHIWU.SHILUNZIKAOJIAOYUTOUZITIZHIJIANSHE[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2004(5):23-26.

三分飞艇[43]LIUJUAN.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHISHEHUIZHUXUEWENTIJIFAZHANDUICEYANJIU[D].TAIYUAN:SHANXIDAXUE,2012:21-22.

[44]WANGHUOSHENG,DENG.GUANYUSHENRUTUIJINGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIGAIGEHEFAZHANDERUOGANSIKAO[J].ZHONGGUOKAOSHI,2013(3):34.

三分飞艇[45]DINGXINGFU.SHILUNJIANGWOGUOZIXUEKAOSHIJIANCHENGQUANQIUZUIDADEKAIFANGYUYUANCHENGXUEXITIXI[C]//ZOUXIANGHUIHUANG:TIANJINSHIJINIANGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIZHIDUJIANLIERSHIWUZHOUNIANWENJI.TIANJIN:TIANJINRENMINCHUBANSHE,2007:62-64.

[48]LIHONGBO,ZHANGZHONGJIA.LUNZIXUEKAOSHIKECHENGTIXIJIANSHE[J].CHENGRENJIAOYU,2015(2):1-2.

三分飞艇[49]YUPEIZHEN.KECHENG“CHAOSHI”MOSHIDEGOUXIANGJITANTAO[C]//ZHONGGUOGAODENGJIAOYUXUEHUIZIXUEKAOSHIFENHUINIANHUILUNWENJI(2006).BEIJING:JIXIEGONGYECHUBANSHE,2007:451-453.

[52]FUJIANSHENG《ZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAIJIANSHELILUNYUSHIJIANYANJIU》KETIZU.KAOSHENGDUIZIKAOJIAOCAIDEXIJIJIWOMENDUIBIANXIEJIAOCAIRUOGANYUANZEDESIKAO[C]//1999NIANQUANGUOGAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIJIAOCAIJIANSHEYANJIULUNWENJI.SHENYANG:LIAONINGDAXUECHUBANSHE,2000:181-184.

[53]ZHIXUE.ZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIDEYANJIU[J].LIAONINGGAODENGJIAOYUYANJIU,1985(Z1):195-198.

三分飞艇[54]LINWENGUANG.GAODENGJIAOYUZIXUEKAOSHIMINGTIDAOLUN[M].FUZHOU:FUJIANRENMINCHUBANSHE,2005:136-138.

三分飞艇[55]LUZHENGYONG.GAOJIAOZIXUEKAOSHISHIJUANDEYOUXIAOXINGFENXIFANGFA[J].FUJIANSHIFANDAXUEXUEBAO(ZHESHEBAN),1987(1):125.

[56]CHENGLI,LIUBO.ZIXUEKAOSHISHITISHICENANDUHEQUFENDUZHIBIAODEYANJIU[J].HEILONGJIANGGAOJIAOYANJIU,2011(2):51.

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